Location: Located in the middle of North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea with a coast line of about 2000 km length. It has six neighbors: Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger, Algeria, and Tunisia. The country’s location has enabled it to witness many civilization and became an important caravan trade link between Africa and Europe.


Area: 1,775,500 sq km with a surface comprises coastal plains, plateaus, and mountains. The Sahara desert extends deep into the south with its scattered Oases and small towns .


A typical Mediterranean climate along the coast in the northern parts and desert climate in the south.

Average temperature is between 15C during winter and 35C during summer time.


Population: Estimated in the year 2005 at 6 million inh., 85% of them live in the urban districts.

61% of the Libyans are less than 25 years old.

Religion: Islam.

Official Language:

Arabic (English, French and Italian are widely understood).

Local Time= GMT+2:00


Major Cities: Tripoli, Benghazi, Tubruq, Darna, Al-Bayda, Misurata, Sirte, Zawia, Gharyan, and Sebha.

Major Archaeological Sites:

Tripoli, Sabrata (Sabratha), Libda (Leptis Magna), Shah’hat (Syrene), Germa (Garama), Ghadamas, Ghat, Ghirza, Kabawe , among many others.

Major Oases:

Jalu, Awjila, Al-Jaghbub, Al-Kufra, Al-Jufra, Murzuq, Al-Qatrun, and Zalla.

Natural Lakes:

Waw An-Namus, Gabar Awon, Mindera, Umm Al-Ma, and Majzem.


Oil and Gas: Libya is a major oil and gas producing country in the world and an OPEC member. Daily oil production ranges between 1.3 and 1.5 million bpd. Natural gas production is at 18 million cubic meters annually. Libyan local oil refineries produce over 16.5 million tons for local and export markets.


Tourism: Libya enjoys valuable natural and historical resources over a large geographical area. Long sandy beaches on the Mediterranean Sea, a rich history of past civilization, semi-intact archaeological sights, sunny days all year around, deserts and mountains are all incentives of a profitable tourism industry


Raw Materials: An abundance of natural raw materials and minerals exist such as:

Carbonate Rocks, Clays, Silica Sands, Decorative Stones, Tiles, Gypsum, Salts, and Metallic Raw Materials, …etc and more yet to be discovered.

Down-stream materials exist, such as steel products, PVC, Polyethlene, ..etc.


Water : Currently, Libya is establishing the Great Man-Made River, the biggest water project in the world. It is a huge pipeline network estimated at 4200 km in length, designed to bring more than 6.2 million cubic meters daily underground water from the middle of the Sahara desert to the coastal area for irrigation and other purposes.


Agriculture and Animal Wealth : Arable land in Libya is estimated at more than 2 million hectares, this in addition to over 13 million hectares of pasturelands. Livestock is estimated to reach over 7 million heads including sheep, goats, cattle, and camels.


Marine Wealth: with a coastal line of 2000 km of clean pollution-free sea water. Experience and marine research have indicated ample quantities of white fish and tuna. Local marine environment is naturally suitable for aquaculture investment projects. The unexploited sea sponge and coral reserves represent another areas of marine investment